cropping pattern in different ecological zones of pakistan

9, Issue 17: Jul 2012 37 Rainfall Trends in Different Climate Zones of Pakistan Salma, S.1, S. Rehman1, M. A. Shah2 Abstract In this paper, the study was conducted across the country to assess the rainfall trend in different climate zones of It is a riverine country so maximum area of it's is floodplain and basin type. Agronomy – definition – meaning and scope. Farmers are still following traditional methods of farming. 1) Agro-Ecological Zones of Pakistan : a) Agro-Ecological Zones -NWFP : b) Agro-Ecological Zones -PUNJAB : c) Agro-Ecological Zones -SINDH : d) Agro-Ecological Zones -BALOCHISTAN: 2) Cropping Patterns - Pakistan : 3) Aridity Classes - Pakistan : 4) Crop Growth Classes - Pakistan The Punjab consists mostly of irrigated land while KPK constitutes the uplands and is mostly rainfed. moist forest zone, the farming community in Bamenda in the high savanna zone and farms in the sahel savanna zone in Garoua. 1.1. The agro-ecological zones are hence classified on the basis of altitude and their respective cropping patterns are shown in Table 2. agros’ meaning ‘field’ and ‘ nomos’ ‘meaning ‘management’. role in determining the cropping patterns of the area. Madhya Pradesh has remarkable agrarian diversity having a wide range of climatic backcloth within and between different crop seasons, variety of soil types ranging from light textured soil to very heavy rich clay vertisols, each with their own inherent problems, and cropping patterns. Agronomy is derived from a Greek word . About 43.00 and 34.00% apiece of respondents in forest and derived savannah zones practiced arable plus permanent crop farming system. The Pakistan Agriculture Research Council (PARC) map bifurcates Punjab into different agro-ecological zones, as depicted in Figure 2, and each zone has different rainfall pattern. These study areas offer diverse information on temperature, rainfall, sunshine and wind speed that allows for the examination of their influence on the cropping patterns and specific crop requirements. In this regard a project will be launched in different ecological zones of Punjab. We know that AEZ is the area of the nearly same ecological and soil characteristics agricultural crops production. Bangladesh is a small country but it has different land type in different area. Figure 3 Different agro-ecological zones of Pakistan Rahim et al.7 Table 1 Potential soybean growing areas and cropping pattern of Pakistan Province Area/cropping system Cropping system Existing Proposed Punjab Rice area Rice-Wheat-Rice Soybean-Wheat -Rice Pakistan Journal of Meteorology Vol. Mixed cropping was the most preferred cropping system in the forest zone while mixed cropping and crop rotation were the dominant cropping systems in the derived savannah zone. Fig. Three ecological zones (Cotton Zone, Rice Zone and Arid Zone) will be selected to explore the effects of climate change on the farming communities and farmers’ concern toward climate change. Rain-fed and irrigated zones of Punjab receives the highest and lowest rainfall respectively . agro ecological zones (P ≤ 0.01). The State is divided into ten agro-climatic zones. Based on the crop season, growth period, and output of interaction of different crops, the cropping patterns for different agro-ecological zones can be further developed and implemented. So cropping pattern of a definite AEZ is mostly same. Long-term Potato Wholesale Price Trends in Pakistan (Rs/40kg) Years Prices These two provinces represent different agro-ecological zones with differences in cropping patterns (spatial and temporal combination of crops in a field for one year) and climatic characteristics (Pakistan Meteorological Department, 2014). 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